### Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns | Request PDF

Consistent with real option theory, we find that the positive volatility‐return relation is much stronger for firms with more real options and that the sensitivity of firm value to changes in volatility declines significantly after firms exercise their real options.

### Volatility estimation in Real Options with application to

4 A recent paper, Real Options, Volatility and stock returns (Grullon, Lyandres, and Zhdanov (2012)) explains the positive correlation (in Duffee (1995)) in individual stocks between returns and volatility.

### Cboe - VIX Options & Futures

Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns . This paper provides evidence that the positive relation between firm-level stock returns and firm-level return volatility is due to real options that firms possess. Consistent with the theoretical prediction that the value of a real option should be increasing in the volatility of the underlying

### Implied Volatility Surging for MannKind (MNKD) Stock Options

16 Charts on Volatility and Sector Indices Many investors are concerned about the potential for volatility and drawdown risk in their portfolios. The Cboe Options Dictionary notes that "Volatility is a measure of the fluctuation in the market price of the underlying security.

### Implied Volatility Surging for CF Industries (CF) Stock

Oftentimes, options traders look for options with high levels of implied volatility to sell premium. This is a strategy many seasoned traders use because it captures decay.

### Stock return volatility, operating performance and stock

Consistent with real option theory, we find that the positive volatilityreturn relation is much stronger for firms with more real options and that the sensitivity of firm value to changes in volatility declines signifi- cantly after firms exercise their real options.

### Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns

The aggregate implied volatility spread (IVS), defined as the average difference in implied volatilities of at-the-money call and put options on stocks, is significantly and positively related to future stock market returns from daily, monthly to semi-annual horizons.

### Stochastic Idiosyncratic Cash Flow Risk and Real Options

The leverage effect refers to the relationship between stock returns and volatility, both implied and realized. A fall phenomenon in stock price leads to an increase in volatility. ity. A downward movement (depreciation) is always followed by higher volatility.

### Stochastic Idiosyncratic Operating Risk and Real Options

with the volatility regime.4;5 The arrival of a switch in idiosyncratic operating risk induces a discrete change in the valuation and a concurrent jump in the return of the ﬁrm’s real options which relates positively with the sign of the switch.

### Stochastic Idiosyncratic Operating Risk and Real Options

Consistent with real option theory, we find that the positive volatilityreturn relation is much stronger for firms with more real options and that the sensitivity of firm value to changes in volatility declines significantly after firms exercise their real options.

### REAL OPTIONS VOLATILITY ESTIMATION WITH CORRELATED

7 Real options and asset pricing tests In this section we present a test of the real options explanation for the positive relation between returns and changes in volatility that is based on the performance of asset pricing models for real-options- based and assets-in-place-based firms.

### VIX Quote - Chicago Board Options Exchange SPX Volatility

For example, consider a scenario where a stock's options are trading at a 20% implied volatility, but the stock's 20-day historical volatility is only 10%. In this case, traders might view the stock's options as a good sale since the options are implying a 20% annualized movement while the stock's past returns are much less volatile.

### CiteSeerX — Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns

2018/03/02 · Options prices, which contain valuable near-term information about the market’s assessment of upside potential and downside risk, are showing average levels of risk for U.S. equities.

### Real option component of cash holdings, business cycle

"Stock return volatility, operating performance and stock returns: International evidence on drivers of the ‘low volatility’ anomaly," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 999-1017.

### Historical Volatility - Morningstar

Abstract. Stocks with high idiosyncratic volatility perform poorly relative to low idiosyncratic volatility stocks. We offer a novel explanation of this anomaly based on real options, which is consistent with earlier findings on idiosyncratic volatility (the positive contemporaneous relation between firm-level stock returns and idiosyncratic volatility).

### Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns - Accumyn

Real options valuation, also often termed real options analysis, (ROV or ROA) applies option valuation techniques to capital budgeting decisions. A real option itself, is the right—but not the obligation—to undertake certain business initiatives, such as deferring, abandoning, expanding, staging, or contracting a capital investment project.

### Asymmetric Effects of Volatility Risk on Stock Returns

Oftentimes, options traders look for options with high levels of implied volatility to sell premium. This is a strategy many seasoned traders use because it captures decay.

### Real options valuation - Wikipedia

We provide evidence that the positive relation between firm-level stock returns and firm-level return volatility is due to firms' real options.

### Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns - GRULLON

The Black–Scholes world. The Black–Scholes model assumes that the market consists of at least one risky asset, usually called the stock, and one riskless asset, usually called the …

### Real Options, Volatility, and Stock Returns | Request PDF

Hedge the volatility of a stock portfolio to help reduce the risk or increase risk-adjusted returns. Key Features VIX Options and Futures give you the opportunity to protect against or capitalize on volatility to stay ahead of where the market is going.

### Black–Scholes model - Wikipedia

The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index reflects a market estimate of future volatility, based on the weighted average of the implied volatilities for a wide range of strikes. 1st